1. Creating Community Capital through Local Food

    Americans buy local food for its freshness, to support the local economy, and because they like to know the source of the product, according to a 2009 Food Marketing Institute survey. Local governments are increasingly focusing on cultivating locally-based, self-reliant, sustainable food economies for many of the same reasons.“In North Carolina, we eat $45 billion worth of food every year,” said Dr. Nancy Creamer, a distinguished professor at North Carolina State University and director of the Center for Environmental Farming Systems, a collaboration between NC State, North Carolina A&T State University and the North Carolina Department of Agriculture. “Just imagine a small portion of that going to our local farmers, and the economic engine that inspires.”
  2. Universities Connect with Communities

    Universities have long been known as centers of innovation. After all, they employ some of the nation’s top research scientists, not to mention knowledgeable faculty and expert staff.But universities often need their students to participate not just in the technical ideas behind innovation, but in building relationships with the community where the school is located, since that cooperation brings projects off the drawing board and into practice.
  3. No Quick Fixes for Sustainable Communities

    Sustainability is a popular catchphrase in cities across the country, but implementing the change needed to become more sustainable communities is challenging work with few quick fixes.That was a recurring message at the 2014 Growing Sustainable Communities Conference, held Oct. 7-8 in Dubuque, Iowa. The conference drew approximately 400 attendees from 100 different cities in 21 states.
  4. Baltimore Braces for Climate Change

    Two hundred years ago, the city of Baltimore survived a 25-hour assault emanating from Chesapeake Bay – a dramatic scene immortalized by Francis Scott Key as he penned a poem that would one day become America’s national anthem. But today, it isn’t the threat of British war ships keeping city leaders up at night.It’s the bay itself.
  5. Demystifying Social Equity

    Many communities are on the cutting edge of sustainability and quality of life – investing in projects like community-wide recycling, energy efficiency and even some bike trails. But are all these resources available to every resident?A recent survey found only one in 10 local governments have addressed social equity issues with the same energy they devote to other sustainability challenges.
  6. Effective Climate and Clean Energy Planning

    The prospect of urban growth coupled with the effects of climate change offers both opportunities and risks.This is according to Future Proofing Cities, a 2012 report by global consulting firm Atkins, in partnership with the U.K. Department for International Development and University College London.
  7. Community Solar Shares the Sun with Everyone

    While the cost of rooftop solar photovoltaic systems has decreased, a recent U.S. government survey found that only about 25 percent of residential rooftops can support PV systems due to shading, building design and other issues.Community solar offers a way to share the benefits of solar, even if the panels won’t work on an individual building.
  8. Roundabouts Really Get Around

    Roundabouts are one of the most effective tools highway engineers can use to significantly reduce serious traffic accidents.In fact, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) reported that during the last decade, the crash experience at modern roundabouts has been studied extensively.
  9. Where America is Sprawling and What It Means

    People in compact, connected metropolitan regions are more likely to move up the economic ladder, have lower household costs, enjoy more transportation choices and lead longer, safer, healthier lives, according to a report by Smart Growth America and the University of Utah's Metropolitan Research Center.Measuring Sprawl 2014 evaluates development in 221 major metropolitan areas in the United States, and ranks these areas based on how sprawling or compact they are.
  10. Mice Implicated in Surge of Lyme Disease

    As health officials contend with another harsh season of Lyme disease cases, a recent study reveals a common culprit: white-footed mice.People living in northern and central parts of the U.S. are more likely to contract Lyme disease and other tick-borne ailments when white-footed mice are abundant. Mice are effective at transferring disease-causing pathogens to feeding ticks.
  11. Parklets: From Pavement to Public Spaces

    With its temperate weather and steady stream of pedestrians, it’s not surprising that the city of San Francisco conceived and installed the nation’s first parklet in 2010.Today, less than four years after that original site was opened to residents, the concept of parklets has expanded beyond California, with small-scale public spaces growing in cities around the country.
  12. Fleet Managers Save Millions with CNG

    When the Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) finishes converting its fleet of more than 300 buses to run on compressed natural gas (CNG), it’s estimated that fuel savings will be around $7 million a year, according to Marty Stutz, vice president of communications, marketing and customer service.COTA decided to make the switch from diesel to CNG in 2011 after a comparative study, Stutz said. While the decision was primarily driven by economics, the environmental benefits were also important.
  13. Financing Green Infrastructure Projects

    In the early days of urban development, any kind of sewer system advancement that didn’t involve dumping sewage directly into the streets or a nearby body of water was considered an improvement.As engineering processes became more refined, cities developed methods to move sewage and stormwater out of the streets and into treatment systems. These combined sewer systems were vulnerable to overflow in times of excess rainfall or other weather events.
  14. Community Radio Gives Rise to Local Voices

    With an emphasis on local broadcasting produced by a team of dedicated volunteers, more than 800 community radio stations across the U.S. are serving listeners, thanks mostly to the support of small local businesses.Community radio is often confused with public radio, but they are not affiliated with National Public Radio and receive no public funds. Many use a "Low Power FM" license established by the FCC in 2000 as non-commercial or nonprofit radio stations with very weak signals – in some cases only broadcasting within a 10-mile radius.
  15. Encouraging Citizens to Grow Local Foods

    From World War I Victory Gardens to Michelle Obama’s ground-breaking of the White House lawn, across the years and miles in cities, suburbs and rural communities, people have planted backyard vegetable gardens.They’ve used the resulting bounty to supplement grocery store selections for their family meals, to sell in farmers markets and to preserve for winter.
  16. Transit-Oriented Neighborhoods in Demand

    Reversing decades of dominant urban sprawl in metropolitan centers like Chicago, Detroit and St. Louis isn’t going to happen overnight. But a gradual return to transit-oriented development that maximizes access to public transportation is happening in cities across the country.Baby boomers, who originally settled in the suburbs, are now empty nesters and have a desire to live in neighborhoods where they can go to work and out to dinner without using their car.
  17. U.S. Urban Forests Under Attack

    Defying logic and sustainability, many people who can’t see the forest for the trees simply and sadly cut them down, letting the chips fall where they may.While the good news is there are some 660 million acres of forest in America, including about 136 million acres of urban and community forests, we continue to cut down trees in our cities faster than we replace them, according to the U.S. Forest Service.
  18. Austin Plans to Keep Its Cool

    When it comes to sustainability, Austin, Texas has a reputation for staying ahead of the curve. From developing the first municipal green building policy, which served as a model for LEED, to creating what could be the nation's first eco-industrial park exclusively for recycling and reuse companies, this “world headquarters of the armadillo,” is an innovative city where smart growth has been a cornerstone of a bustling economy for decades.Chief Sustainability Officer Lucia Athens said the city of Austin got its wake-up call in the early 1990s when unbridled development almost resulted in the loss of a beloved natural asset.
  19. Biochar Could Make Desalination More Cost Effective

    Imagine being able to desalinate water using a product derived from wood waste.How could wood waste fit into water desalination? By applying a process called pyrolysis, which thermochemically processes biomass, such as wood waste.
  20. Pervious Pavement Relieves Stormwater Woes

    Pervious concrete and porous asphalt are two effective construction alternatives for reducing stormwater runoff and preventing pollutants from entering waterways, and experts say more developers should consider using them.“Really look at what works in other places, but realize that you have to join the green movement. You know you can’t wait forever,” Ghassan Korban said.
  21. Plan to Cut Power Plant Emissions Already Half Way There

    The Obama administration’s plan to cut power plant carbon emissions by 30 percent made headlines across the country this week, but a closer look reveals the industry is already more than half way to reaching that goal.That's thanks mostly to a sluggish economy, energy conservation efforts and a market-driven conversion from coal to cheaper, cleaner natural gas.
  22. Land Banks Help Restore Abandoned Neighborhoods

    There are about 14 million housing units vacant year-round in the United States.Many of them are abandoned and tax delinquent, creating a blight of despair and ugliness throughout industrial cities in the Northeast, the Rust Belt and metropolitan areas everywhere.
  23. Habitat Restoration Projects Abound in Urban Settings

    Nature is coming to your doorstep. Or close to it, at least.The line of demarcation between city and wilderness is fading, with U.S. cities around the country spearheading urban habitat restoration projects. It’s a topic that is getting increased attention.
  24. Massachusetts Prepares for Mandatory Composting

    Banana peels don’t go in the trash can. At least not in Massachusetts, where a growing number of municipalities have curbside composting programs, and the state plans to ban commercial food waste in landfills later this year.Similar to recycling, residential food-scrap programs are simple: Households are given plastic bins to dispose of their organic waste. The compost bins are placed on the curb for weekly street-side pickup service.
  25. Climate Change Update: It's Costing Us Now

    Climate change, once considered an issue for a distant future, has moved firmly into the present. Corn producers in Iowa, oyster growers in Washington State, and maple syrup producers in Vermont are all observing climate-related changes that are outside of recent experience.So, too, are coastal planners in Florida, water managers in the arid Southwest, city dwellers from Phoenix to New York, and Native Peoples on tribal lands from Louisiana to Alaska.
  26. Napkins in Food Waste: Biofuel Potential?

    An Iowa State University researcher has found an unexpected source of fiber in food waste that increases its potential for making renewable fuel: napkins.Funded by a grant from the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Stephanie Jung explored fermentation of the sugars, starches and fibers in food waste to make bioethanol.
  27. Sustainable Lawn Care Requires Local Solutions

    MILLBROOK, N.Y. - What do people living in Boston, Baltimore, Miami, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Phoenix, and Los Angeles have in common? From coast to coast, prairie to desert – residential lawns reign.But, according to a new study in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, beneath this sea of green lie unexpected differences in fertilization and irrigation practices.
  28. Providing Fresh Produce to Urban Food Deserts

    Through a variety of methods that range from inexpensive carts to converted school buses, food security advocates in many cities sell fresh fruits and vegetables directly to low-income customers living in urban food deserts.Increasing access to affordable produce isn’t simple or cheap, according to mobile produce supporters, but it isn’t impossible either. Comprehensive and effective strategies incorporated among local government officials, volunteers and potential customers can sustain these mobile farmers markets for the long term.
  29. Climate Change Prompts Collaboration

    With broad consensus on the fact of climate change, organization around the issue has shifted from convincing the world of its inevitability to working together to do something about it with resiliency and sustainability planning.Some of these efforts were presented at the “New Partners for Smart Growth” conference held recently in Denver. While collaboration was an overarching theme of the aptly-named conference, its meaning took on added urgency at a panel discussion on climate change.
  30. Smart Growth 101

    Supporting smart growth doesn’t mean skipping the local mall or avoiding a new housing development. So what does it mean?“Smart growth is really about more choices,” explained Paul Zykofsky, associate director of the Sacramento-based non-profit Local Government Commission (LGC). “It’s not about being against growth. It’s about well-planned growth.” Zykofsky and John Frece, director of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Sustainable Communities, addressed the basics of smart growth at the recent New Partners for Smart Growth conference in Denver.
  31. Redeveloping Abandoned Gas Stations

    Brownfield /’broun,feld/ n: abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. The empty gas station on the corner. The shuttered restaurant with a cracked parking lot. The abandoned factory or foundry on the edge of town.These examples of brownfields are ubiquitous in communities across the country – and they are an increasingly visible concern.
  32. U.S. Coasts Prepare for Rising Seas

    Sea level is a “slow-moving emergency,” according to scientist Steve Goldbeck. As chief deputy director of the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC), one of the first U.S. coastal community agencies to establish a master plan to deal with sea level rise, Goldbeck has first-hand experience helping coastal communities deal with the effects of climate change.And around the country, from Connecticut to Florida to California, coastal communities are weighing the reality of sea level rise into their long-term planning.
  33. Financing Sustainability Projects

    DENVER, Colo. – City budget deficits are far from rare. Chicago, Phoenix and Newark are just a few examples of cities confronting likely shortfalls in the upcoming fiscal year. And on the extreme end of the spectrum there’s Detroit, which filed for bankruptcy in the summer of 2013 citing a staggering $18-20 billion in debt.So how can cities find room in their budgets for sustainability initiatives?
  34. Guidelines for Transit Oriented Development

    The first step toward expanding sustainable public transportation is to have a plan. That’s what Pace Suburban Bus Service in Chicago, Ill., has created with its new Transit Supportive Guidelines for the Chicagoland Region, designed to help municipal officials and private developers incorporate bus service in their projects.The guidelines define the five components of the transit trip, said Bryce Word, Pace special projects manager, in a recent webinar produced by Sustainable City Network.
  35. High-Speed Rail Builds Momentum in California

    The Golden State is on track to build the first carbon-neutral, high-speed rail system in the United States.The rail system will link Sacramento, San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego, and sustainability is woven into every aspect of this project, starting with a commitment to zero net direct construction greenhouse gas emissions and continuing to improve overall air quality for future Californians.
  36. Universities Lead Effort Toward Biomass Energy

    By 2020, the University of Iowa aims to get 40 percent of its energy from renewable sources, including from biomass feedstocks grown locally. To move it toward that goal, the university has developed a set of eight targets ranging from conserving energy to decreasing waste and developing sustainability partnerships.Meanwhile, Iowa State University is making important discoveries as it investigates the use of biorenewable resources as sustainable feedstocks for producing chemicals, fuels, materials and electric power.
  37. What to Do with Empty Big Box Stores

    Look in almost any city in North America, and you’ll find at least one: That empty shell of a building with the paper-wrapped windows and the weed-infested parking lot.Yep, it’s a vacant big box store.
  38. Social Equity: The Forgotten Leg of Sustainability

    Sustainability is commonly described as a “three legged stool.” There’s economic prosperity, ecological integrity, and then there’s that third leg….Hmmm… it’s sometimes the hardest to remember, and it can certainly be difficult to define, but the sustainability stool just doesn’t stand without social equity. The concept is that everyone in a community – not just those on the “A List” – need the opportunity to participate and thrive in order for that community to sustain itself indefinitely.
  39. The Big Idea Behind Smaller Homes

    While the average American homeowner seems bent on living large, an increasing number are discovering the benefits of living in a smaller, more sustainable, home.In 1973, the average new American house measured 1,660 sq. ft., and it’s been getting bigger ever since. Even the economic slowdown and the housing crisis didn’t slow the growth for long. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the average new house built in 2012 was 2,505 sq. ft. – almost to the all-time high of 2,521 sq. ft. in 2007.

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