New Tool to Track Forest Health Released

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Posted: Tuesday, May 8, 2018 9:43 pm

ALBANY, N.Y. -- New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Basil Seggos recently encouraged landowners to help the state assess the impacts of deer on forest health. Partnering with DEC biologists and foresters, ecologists at Cornell University and SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry announced a new tool for evaluating and tracking local forest health. The citizen science tool is called 'AVID,' for Assessing Vegetation Impacts from Deer.

"Preserving New York's forests are a top priority for the state, and this new tool is a great way for landowners to partner with DEC and assist with monitoring the health of our forest ecosystems," said DEC Commissioner Seggos. "As overabundant deer are threatening the integrity of forests, landowners can play a key role in monitoring the impacts of deer on our forests. The information generated from the AVID tool will provide a good indicator of whether the number of deer is in balance with the available habitat, if that balance is changing over time and guide future management changes that may be needed to ensure a proper balance is maintained."

Through the AVID tool, interested landowners or volunteers can participate in this program and help monitor how local forested areas in their region are changing over time. Specifically, the AVID focuses research and monitoring efforts on wildflower and tree species eaten by deer in New York and includes laying out monitoring plots in forested areas. Within these plots, individual plants of the focal species are counted, marked, and measured. Measuring these same plants each year will show whether browsing pressure from deer is changing over time and is expected to provide critical information for DEC biologists to guide deer management decisions.

White-tailed deer can have significant impacts on forests and the other animals in that habitat. The effects of deer browsing can persist for decades. A woodland with a park-like appearance, an understory dominated by invasive shrubs, and an obvious "browse line" are evidence that an overabundant deer population is negatively affecting the ecosystem. In areas with a history of severe deer overabundance, regeneration failure, the failure of new, young trees to grow, is threatening the future of the forest. In addition, many of the tree species deer prefer to eat are valued for timber, so heavy browse pressure on seedlings makes forests less economically valuable.

The AVID method is designed to be useful for people who aren't plant experts. The website includes detailed instructions and plant identification guides. A smartphone app will also be released soon and allow these online resources to be carried into the field and provide a platform for data collection.

"A landowner only needs to identify and sample a few indicator plant species to monitor local deer impacts in woodlands," said Paul Curtis from Cornell Cooperative Extension at Cornell University.

Cornell Cooperative Extension is offering training classes across the state. Participants will learn to identify important spring wildflower species and tree seedlings, recognize evidence of deer impacts based on the presence or absence of key indicator species, and document changes in forest plants on their own land or land in their communities.

Individuals and organizations can use the results of AVID monitoring to guide property management decisions. In addition, data collected by volunteers and submitted to the central database will be used, in conjunction with public input about deer, to inform DEC biologists as they adjust deer populations to optimal levels throughout the state.

SOURCE: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

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